钢结构术语中英文对照,按字母排序,收藏留用!

工程智库2020-10-21 06:51:34

来源:微信公众号“建筑结构”


强度strength

承载能力load-carrying capacity

脆断brittle fracture

强度标准值characteristic value of strength

强度设计值design value of strength

一阶弹性分析first order elastic analysis

阶弹性分析second order elastic analysis

屈曲 buckling

腹板屈曲后强度 post-buckling strength of web plate

通用高厚 normalizde web slenderness

整体稳定 overall stability

有效宽度。effective width

有效宽度系数 effective width factor

长细比 slenderness ratio

换算长细比 equivalent slenderness ratio

支撑力 nodal bracing force

无支撑纯框架 unbraced frame

强支撑框架frame braced with strong bracing system

弱支撑框架frame braced with weak bracing system

摇摆柱 leaning column

柱腹板节点域panel zone of column web

球形钢支座 spherical steel bearing

橡胶支座couposite rubber and steel support

主管chord member

支管 bracing member

隙节点 gap joint

搭接节点 overlap joint

平面管节点 uniplanar joint

空间管节点 multiplanar joint

组合构件 built-up member

钢与混凝土组合梁 composite steel and concrete beam


A


acceptable quality 合格质量

acceptance lot 验收批量

aciera 钢材

against slip coefficient between frictionsurface of high-strength bolted connection

高强度螺栓摩擦面抗滑移系数

allowable ratio of height to sectionalthickness of masonry wall or column

砌体墙、柱容许高厚比

allowable slenderness ratio of steel member 钢构件容许长细比

allowable slenderness ratio of timbercompression member 受压木构件容许长细比

allowable stress range of fatigue 疲劳容许应力幅

allowable ultimate tensile strain ofreinforcement 钢筋拉应变限值

allowable value of crack width 裂缝宽度容许值

allowable value of deflection of structuralmember 构件挠度容许值

allowable value of deflection of timberbending member 受弯木构件挠度容许值

allowable value of deformation of steelmember 钢构件变形容许值

allowable value of deformation of structuralmember 构件变形容许值

allowable value of drift angle of earthquakeresistant structure

抗震结构层间位移角限值

amplified coefficient of eccentricity 偏心距增大系数

anchorage 锚具

anchorage length of steel bar 钢筋锚固长度

approval analysis during construction stage 施工阶段验算

arch

arch with tie rod 拉捍拱

arch-shaped roof truss 拱形屋架

area of shear plane 剪面面积

area of transformed section 换算截面面积

aseismic design 建筑抗震设计

assembled monolithic concrete structure 装配整体式混凝土结构

automatic welding 自动焊接

auxiliary steel bar 架立钢筋


B


backfilling plate 垫板

balanced depth of compression zone 界限受压区高度

balanced eccentricity 界限偏心距

bar splice 钢筋接头

bark pocket 夹皮

batten plate 缀板

beam 次梁

bearing plate 支承板

bearing stiffener 支承加劲肋

bent-up steel bar 弯起钢筋

board 板材

bolt 螺栓

bolted connection 钢结构螺栓连接

bolted joint 木结构螺栓连接

bolted steel structure 螺栓连接钢结构

bonded prestressed concrete structure 有粘结预应力混凝土结构

bow 顺弯

breadth of wall between windows 窗间墙宽度

building structural materials 建筑结构材料

building structural unit 建筑结构单元

building structure 建筑结构

built-up steel column 格构式钢柱

bundled tube structure 成束筒结构

burn-through 烧穿

butt connection 对接

butt joint 对接

butt weld 对接焊缝


C


calculating area of compression member 受压构件计算面积

calculating overturning point 计算倾覆点

calculation of load-carrying capacity ofmember 构件承载能力计算

camber of structural member 结构构件起拱

cantilever beam 挑梁

cavitation 孔洞

characteriseic value of live load on floor orroof 楼面、屋面活荷载标准值

characteristi cvalue o fwindload 风荷载标准值

characteristic value of concrete compressivestrength 混凝土轴心抗压强度标准值

characteristic value of concrete tensilestrength 混凝土轴心抗拉标准值

characteristic value of cubic concretecompressive strength

混凝土立方体抗压强度标准值

characteristic value of earthquake action 地震作用标准值

characteristic value of horizontal crane load吊车水平荷载标准值

characteristic value of masonry strength 砌体强度标准值

characteristic value of permanent action 永久作用标准值

characteristic value of snowload 雪荷载标准值

characteristic value of strength of steel 钢材强度标准值

characteristic value of strength of steel bar钢筋强度标准值

characteristic value of uniformly distributedlive load 均布活标载标准值

characteristic value of variable action 可变作用标准值

characteristic value of vertical crane load 吊车竖向荷载标准值

charaeteristic value of material strength 材料强度标准值

chimney 烟囱

circular double-layer suspended cable 圆形双层悬索

circular single-layer suspended cable 圆形单层悬索

circumferential weld 环形焊缝

clear height 净高

cold bend inspection of steelbar 冷弯试验

cold drawn bar 冷拉钢筋

cold drawn wire 冷拉钢丝

cold-formed thin-walled sectionsteel 冷弯薄壁型钢

cold-formed thin-walled steel structure 冷弯薄壁型钢结构

cold-rolled deformed bar 冷轧带肋钢筋

column bracing 柱间支撑

combination value of live load on floor orroof 楼面、屋面活荷载组合值

compaction 密实度

compliance control 合格控制

composite floor system 组合楼盖

composite floor with profiled steel sheet 压型钢板楼板

composite roof truss 组合屋架

compostle member 组合构件

compound stirrup 复合箍筋

compression member with large eccentricity 大偏心受压构件

compression member with small eccentricity 小偏心受压构件

compressive strength at an angle with slopeof grain 斜纹承压强度

compressive strength perpendicular to grain 横纹承压强度

concentration of plastic deformation 塑性变形集中

conceptual earthquake-resistant design 建筑抗震概念设计

connecting plate 连接板

connection 连接

connections of steel structure 钢结构连接

connections of timber structure 木结构连接

consistency of mortar 砂浆稠度

constant cross-section column 等截面柱

construction and examination concentratedload 施工和检修集中荷载

continuous weld 连续焊缝

core area of section 截面核芯面积

core tube supported structure 核心筒悬挂结构

corrosion of steel bar 钢筋锈蚀

coupled wall 连肢墙

coupler 连接器

coupling wall-beam 连梁

coupling wall-column... 墙肢

coursing degree of mortar 砂浆分层度

cover plate 盖板

covered electrode 焊条

crack 裂缝

crack resistance 抗裂度

crack width 裂缝宽度

crane girder 吊车梁

crane load 吊车荷载

creep of concrete 混凝土徐变

crook 横弯

cross beam 井字梁

cup 翘弯

curved support 弧形支座


D


deformation analysis 变形验算

degree of gravity vertical for structure orstructural member 结构构件垂直度

degree of gravity vertical forwall surface 墙面垂直度

degree of plainness for structural memer 构件平整度

degree of plainness for wall surface 墙面平整度

depth of compression zone 受压区高度

depth of neutral axis 中和轴高度

design of building structures 建筑结构设计

design value of earthquake-resistant strengthof materials 材料抗震强度设计值

design value of load-carrying capacity ofmembers 构件承载能力设计值

designations 0f steel 钢材牌号

designvalue of material strength 材料强度设计值

destructive test 破损试验

detailing reintorcement 构造配筋

detailing requirements 构造要求

diamonding 菱形变形

diaphragm 横隔板

dimensional errors 尺寸偏差

distribution factor of snow pressure 屋面积雪分布系数

double component concrete column 双肢柱

dowelled joint 销连接

down-stayed composite beam 下撑式组合粱

ductile frame 延性框架

dynamic design 动态设计


E


earthquake-resistant design 抗震设计

earthquake-resistant detailing requirements 抗震构造要求

effective area of fillet weld 角焊缝有效面积

effective depth of section 截面有效高度

effective diameter of bolt or high-strength bolt 螺栓或高强度螺栓有效直径

effective height 计算高度

effective length 计算长度

effective length of fillet weld 角焊缝有效计算长度

effective length of nail 钉有效长度

effective span 计算跨度

effective supporting length at end of beam 梁端有效支承长度

effective thickness of fillet weld 角焊缝有效厚度

elastic analysis scheme 弹性方案

elastic foundation beam 弹性地基梁

elastic foundation plate 弹性地基板

elastically supported continuous girder 弹性支座连续梁

elasticity modulus of materials 材料弹性模量

elongation rate 伸长率

embeded parts 预埋件

enhanced coefficient of local bearingstrength of materials 局部抗压强度提高系数

equivalent slenderness ratio 换算长细比

equivalent uniformly distributed live load 等效均布活荷载

etlectlve cross-section area of high-strengthbolt 高强度螺栓的有效截面积

ettectlve cross-section area of bolt 螺栓有效截面面积

euler's critical load 欧拉临界力

euler's critical stress 欧拉临界应力


F


filler plate 填板门

fillet weld 角焊缝

finger joint 指接

fish eye 白点

fish-belly beam 角腹式梁

fissure 裂缝

flexible connection 柔性连接

flexural rigidity of section 截面弯曲刚度

flexural stiffness of member 构件抗弯刚度

floor plate 楼板

floor system 楼盖

four sides(edgessupported plate 四边支承板

frame structure 框架结构

frame tube structure 单框筒结构

frame tube structure 框架-简体结构

frame with sidesway 有侧移框架

frame without sidesway 无侧移框架

frange plate 翼缘板

friction coefficient of masonry 砌体摩擦系数

full degree of mortar at bed joint 砂浆饱满度

function of acceptance 验收函数


G


gang nail plate joint 钉板连接

grider 主梁

grip 夹具

grith weld 环形焊缝

groove 坡口

gusset plate 节点板


H


hanger 吊环

hanging steel bar 吊筋

heat tempering bar 热处理钢筋

height variation factor of wind pressure 风压高度变化系数

heliral weld 螺旋形僻缝

high-strength bolt 高强度螺栓

high-strength bolt with large hexagon bea 大六角头高强度螺栓

high-strength bolted bearing type join 承压型高强度螺栓连接,

high-strength bolted connection 高强度螺栓连接

high-strength bolted friction-type joint 摩擦型高强度螺栓连接

high-strength holted steel slsteel structure 高强螺栓连接钢结构

hinge support 铰轴支座

hinged connection 铰接

hlngeless arch 无铰拱

hollow brick 空心砖

hollow ratio of masonry unit 块体空心率

honeycomb 蜂窝

hook 弯钩

hoop 箍筋

hot-rolled deformed bar 热轧带肋钢筋

hot-rolled plain bar 热轧光圆钢筋

hot-rolled section steel 热轧型钢

hunched beam 加腋梁


I


impact toughness 冲击韧性

impermeability 抗渗性

inclined section 斜截面

inclined stirrup 斜向箍筋

incomplete penetration 未焊透

incomplete tusion 未溶合

incompletely filled groove 未焊满

indented wire 刻痕钢丝

influence coefficient for load-bearingcapacity of compression

member 受压构件承载能力影响系数

influence coefficient for spacial action 空间性能影响系数

initial control 初步控制

inspection for properties of glue used instructural member 结构用胶性能检验

inspection for properties of steelbar 钢筋性能检验

integral prefabricated prestressed concreteslab-column structure

整体预应力板柱结构

intermediate stiffener 中间加劲肋

intermittent weld 断续焊缝


J


joint of reinforcement 钢筋接头


K


key joint 键连接

kinetic design 动态设计

knot 节子(木节)


L


laced of battened compression member 格构式钢柱

lacing and batten elements 缀材(缀件)

lacing bar 缀条

lamellar tearing 层状撕裂

lap connectlon 叠接(搭接)

lapped length of steel bar 钢筋搭接长度

large pannel concrete structure 混凝土大板结构

large-form cocrete structure 大模板结构

lateral bending 侧向弯曲

lateral displacement stiffness of storey 楼层侧移刚度

lateral displacement stiffness of structure 结构侧移刚度

lateral force resistant wallstructure 抗侧力墙体结构

leg size of fillet weld 角焊缝焊脚尺寸

length of shear plane 剪面长度

lift-slab structure 升板结构

limiting value for sectional dimension 截面尺寸限值

limiting value for supporting length 支承长度限值

limiting value for total height of masonrystructure 砌体结构总高度限值

linear expansion coeffcient 线膨胀系数

lintel 过梁

load bearing wall 承重墙

load-carrying capacity per bolt 单个普通螺栓承载能力

load-carrying capacity per high-strength holt单个高强螺桂承载能力

load-carrying capacity per rivet 单个铆钉承载能力

long term rigidity of member 构件长期刚度

longitude horizontal bracing 纵向水平支撑

longitudinal steel bar 纵向钢筋

longitudinal stiffener 纵向加劲肋

longitudinal weld 纵向焊缝

losses of prestress 预应力损失

lump material 块体


M


main axis 强轴

main beam 主梁

major axis 强轴

manual welding 手工焊接

manufacture control 生产控制

mechanical properties of materials 材料力学性能

melt-thru 烧穿

method of sampling 抽样方法

minor axls 弱轴

modified coefficient for allowable ratio ofheight to sectionalthickness of masonry wall 砌体墙容许高厚比修正系数

modulus of elasticity of concrete 混凝土弹性模量

modulus of elasticity parellel to grain 顺纹弹性模量

moisture content 含水率

moment modified factor 弯矩调幅系数

monitor frame 天窗架

mortar 砂浆

multi-defence system of earthquake-resistantbuilding 多道设防抗震建筑

multi-tube supported suspended structure 多筒悬挂结构


N


nailed joint 钉连接

net height 净高

net span 净跨度

non-destructive inspection of weld 焊缝无损检验

non-destructive test 非破损检验

non-load-bearingwall 非承重墙

non-uniform cross-section beam 变截面粱

non-uniformly distributed strain coefficientof longitudinal tensile reinforcement

纵向受拉钢筋应变不均匀系数

normal concrete 普通混凝土

normal section 正截面

notch and tooth joint 齿连接

number of sampling 抽样数量


O


obligue section 斜截面

oblique-angle fillet weld 斜角角焊缝

one-way reinforced(or prestressedconcreteslab 单向板

open web roof truss 空腹屋架

ordinary concrete 普通混凝土

ordinary steel bar 普通钢筋

orthogonal fillet weld 直角角焊缝

outstanding width of flange 翼缘板外伸宽度

outstanding width of stiffener 加劲肋外伸宽度

over-all stability reduction coefficient ofsteel beam 钢梁整体稳定系数

overturning or slip resistance analysis 抗倾覆、滑移验算


P


padding plate 垫板

partial penetrated butt weld 不焊透对接焊缝

partition 非承重墙

penetrated butt weld 透焊对接焊缝

percentage of reinforcement 配筋率

pilastered wall 带壁柱墙

pit 凹坑

pith 髓心

plain concrete structure 素混凝土结构

plane hypothesis 平截面假定

plane structure 平面结构

plane trussed lattice grids 平面桁架系网架

plank 板材

plastic adaption coefficient of cross-section截面塑性发展系数

plastic design of steel structure 钢结构塑性设计

plastic hinge 塑性铰

plastlcity coefficient of reinforced concretemember in tensile zone

受拉区混凝土塑性影响系数

plate-like space frame 干板型网架

plate-like space truss 平板型网架

plug weld 塞焊缝

plywood 胶合板

pockmark 麻面

polygonal top-chord roof truss 多边形屋架

post-tensioned prestressed concrete structure后张法预应力混凝土结构

precast reinforced concrete member 预制混凝土构件

prefabricated concrete structure 装配式混凝土结构

presetting time 初凝时间

prestressed concrete structure 预应力混凝土结构

prestressed steel structure 预应力钢结构

prestressed tendon 预应力筋

pre-tensioned prestressed concrete structure 先张法预应力混凝土结构

primary control 初步控制

production control 生产控制

properties of fresh concrete 可塑混凝土性能

properties of hardened concrete 硬化混凝土性能

property of building structural materials 建筑结构材料性能

purlin 檩条


Q


quality grade of weld 焊缝质量级别

quality inspection of bolted connection 螺栓连接质量检验

quality inspection of riveted connection 铆钉连接质量检验

quasi-permanent value of live load on flooror roof 楼面、屋面活荷载准永久值


R


radial check 辐裂

ratio of axial compressive force to axialcompressive ultimate capacity of section

轴压比

ratio of height to sectional thickness ofwall or column 砌体墙柱高、厚比

ratio of reinforcement 配筋率

ratio of shear span to effective depth ofsection 剪跨比

redistribution of internal force 内力重分布

reducing coefficient of compressive strengthin sloping grain for bolted connection

螺栓连接斜纹承压强度降低系数

reducing coefficient of liveload 活荷载折减系数

reducing coefficient of shearing strength fornotch and tooth connection

齿连接抗剪强度降低系数

regular earthquake-resistant building 规则抗震建筑

reinforcement ratio 配筋率

reinforcement ratio per unit volume 体积配筋率

relaxation of prestressed tendon 预应筋松弛

representative value of gravity load 重力荷载代表值

resistance to abrasion 耐磨性

resistance to freezing and thawing 抗冻融性

resistance to water penetration 抗渗性

reveal of reinforcement 露筋

right-angle filletweld 直角角焊缝

rigid analysis scheme 刚性方案

rigid connection 刚接

rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙

rigid zone 刚域

rigid-elastic analysis scheme 刚弹性方案

rigidity of section 截面刚度

rigidly supported continous girder 刚性支座连续梁

ring beam 圈梁

rivet 铆钉

riveted connecction 铆钉连接

riveted steel beam 铆接钢梁

riveted steel girder 铆接钢梁

riveted steel structure 铆接钢结构

rolle rsupport 滚轴支座

rolled steel beam 轧制型钢梁

roof board 屋面板

roof bracing system 屋架支撑系统

roof girder 屋面梁

roof plate 屋面板

roof slab 屋面板

roof system 屋盖

roof truss 屋架

round wire 光圆钢丝


S


safety classes of building structures 建筑结构安全等级

safetybolt 保险螺栓

saw-tooth joint failure 齿缝破坏

scarf joint 斜搭接

seamless steel pipe 无缝钢管

seamless steel tube 无缝钢管

second moment of area of tranformed section 换算截面惯性矩

second order effect due to displacement 挠曲二阶效应

secondary axis 弱轴

secondary beam 次粱

section modulus of transformed section 换算截面模量

section steel 型钢

semi-automatic welding 半自动焊接

separated steel column 分离式钢柱

setting time 凝结时间

shake 环裂

shaped steel 型钢

shapefactorofwindload 风荷载体型系数

shear plane 剪面

shearing rigidity of section 截面剪变刚度

shearing stiffness of member 构件抗剪刚度

short stiffener 短加劲肋

short term rigidity of member 构件短期刚度

shrinkage 干缩

shrinkage of concrete 混凝干收缩

silos 贮仓

skylight truss 天窗架

slab 楼板

slab-column structure 板柱结构

slag inclusion 夹渣

sloping grain 斜纹

slump 坍落度

snow reference pressure 基本雪压

solid-web steel column 实腹式钢柱

space structure 空间结构

space suspended cable 悬索

spacing of bars 钢筋间距

spacing of rigid transverse wall 刚性横墙间距

spacing of stirrup legs 箍筋肢距

spacing of stirrups 箍筋间距

specified concrete 特种混凝上

spiral stirrup 螺旋箍筋

spiral weld 螺旋形焊缝

split ringjoint 裂环连接

square pyramid space grids 四角锥体网架

stability calculation 稳定计算

stability reduction coefficient of axiallyloaded compression 轴心受压构件稳定系数

stair 楼梯

static analysis scheme of building 房屋静力汁算方案

static design 房屋静力汁算方案

statically determinate structure 静定结构

statically indeterminate structure 超静定结构

sted 钢材

steel bar 钢筋

steel column component 钢柱分肢

steel columnbase 钢柱脚

steel fiber reinforced concrete structure 钢纤维混凝土结构

steel hanger 吊筋

steel mesh reinforced brick masonry member 方格网配筋砖砌体构件

steel pipe 钢管

steel plate 钢板

steel plateelement 钢板件

steel strip 钢带

steel support 钢支座

steel tie 拉结钢筋

steel tie bar for masonry 砌体拉结钢筋

steel tube 钢管

steel tubular structure 钢管结构

steel wire 钢丝

stepped column 阶形柱

stiffener 加劲肋

stiffness of structural member 构件刚度

stiffness of transverse wall 横墙刚度

stirrup 箍筋

storev height 层高

straight-line joint failure 通缝破坏

straightness of structural member 构件乎直度

strand 钢绞线

strength classes of masonry units 块体强度等级

strength classes of mortar 砂浆强度等级

strength classes of structural steel 钢材强度等级

strength classes(grades of prestressed tendon预应力筋强度等级

strength classes(grades of steel bar 普通钢筋强度等级

strength of structural timber parallel tograin 木材顺纹强度

strongaxis 强轴

structural system composed of bar 杆系结构

structural system composed of plate 板系结构

structural wall 结构墙

superposed reinforced concrete flexuralmember 叠合式混凝土受弯构件

suspended crossed cable net 双向正交索网结构

suspended structure 悬挂结构

swirl grain 涡纹


T


tensile(compressive) rigidity of section 截面拉伸(压缩刚度)

tensile(compressive) stiffness of member 构件抗拉(抗压刚度)

tensile(ultimate) strength of steel 钢材抗拉(极限强度)

test for properties of concrete structuralmembers 构件性能检验

thickness of concrete cover 混凝土保护层厚度

thickness of mortarat bed joint 水平灰缝厚度

thin shell 薄壳

three hinged arch 三铰拱

tie bar 拉结钢筋

tie beam 系梁

tie tod 系杆

tied framework 绑扎骨架

tor-shear type high-strength bolt 扭剪型高强度螺栓

torsional rigidity of section 截面扭转刚度

torsional stiffness of member 构件抗扭刚度

total breadth of structure 结构总宽度

total height of structure 结构总高度

total length of structure 结构总长度

transmission length of prestress 预应力传递长度

transverse horizontal bracing 横向水平支撑

transverse stiffener 横向加劲肋

transverse weld 横向焊缝

transversely distributed steelbar 横向分布钢筋

trapezoid roof truss 梯形屋架

triangular pyramid space grids 三角锥体网架

triangular roof truss 三角形屋架

trussed arch 椽架

trussed rafter 桁架拱

tube in tube structure 筒中筒结构

tube structure 简体结构

twist 扭弯

two hinged arch 双铰拱


U


unbonded prestressed concrete structure 无粘结预应力混凝土结构

undercut 咬边

uniform cross-section beam 等截面粱

upper flexible and lower rigid complexmultistorey building 上柔下刚多层房屋

upper rigid lower flexible complexmultistorey building 上刚下柔多层房屋


V


value of decompression prestress 预应力筋消压预应力值

value of effective prestress 预应筋有效预应力值

verification of serviceability limit states 正常使用极限状态验证

verification of ultimate limit states 承载能极限状态验证

vertical bracing 竖向支撑

vierendal roof truss 空腹屋架

visual examination of structural member 构件外观检查

visual examination of structural steel member钢构件外观检查

visual examination of weld 焊缝外观检查


W


wall beam 墙梁

wall frame 壁式框架

wall-slab structure 墙板结构

warping 翘曲

warping rigidity of section 截面翘曲刚度

water retentivity of mortar 砂浆保水性

water tower 水塔

watercement ratio 水灰比

weak axis 弱轴

weak region of earthquake-resistant building 抗震建筑薄弱部位

web plate 腹板

weld 焊缝

weld crack 焊接裂纹

weld defects 焊接缺陷

weld roof 焊根

weld toe 焊趾

weldability of steel bar 钢筋可焊性

welded framework 焊接骨架

welded steel beam 焊接钢梁

welded steel girder 焊接钢梁

welded steel pipe 焊接钢管

welded steel strueture 焊接钢结构

welding connection 焊缝连接

welding flux 焊剂

welding rod 焊条

welding wire 焊丝

wind fluttering factor 风振系数

wind reference pressure 基本风压

wind-resistant column 抗风柱


Y



yield strength (yield point) of steel 钢筋屈服强度(屈服点)






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